Pencil Drawing - By Alfred France
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If painting were to be designated as a medium of communication through the arts, pencil drawing is the most essential and basic medium. An inspiring artist in their earlier career can use pencil drawing to his or her maximum advantage. So, if you have any drawing in mind, then take a pencil, grab a pack of plain paper, and make yourself comfortable near a third-floor window.  

This article, it is described how a pencil performs in drawing a human figure. How the creative pencil shading with tonal values creates a sense of volume and contrast of light.     

It is because economically this medium, pencil drawing, is the cheapest compared to art materials, like watercolour or oil colours. You just need a set of HB and B type lead pencils of different grades, a dozen white papers, one pencil sharpener, one or two good erasers, and a full stop. No more materials needed. 

The master portrait painter Ingres had said once that: Drawing includes three and a half quarters of the content of the painting. The drawing contains everything, except the hue. That is how the drawing or the pencil drawing is valued by the masters.

What is Pencil Shading: In pencil drawing, shading is an aspect that exploits an artist’s best skills. The creative shading of a pencil can create a picture as beautiful as in any other medium like watercolour and oil colour. Shading in pencil drawing is just like putting different tonal values of colours. By selecting a proper colour and applying that colour in different tonal values, a painter animates his or her mental images on paper and canvases.

See page for authorCC BY 4.0, via Wikimedia
Edward Law - Pencil Drawing 
                      -by H.M. Raeburn 1909 

The skilful use of pencil shading can depict the contrast of light, by light and dark shading. The shading with the best use of tonal values of graphite pencil can create a sense of volume in modelling three-dimensional objects such as still life and the human body. 

A pencil drawing with creative shading and artistic line drawing can become a strong base for a masterpiece painting in oil colours when it is enlivened on canvas.

The Art of Pencil: The line drawing, the placement of the object, the use of pressure while drawing: these will be the crucial aspects, which would be getting defined through the process. Another important thing is to draw from live objects, whenever it is possible. It helps every artist in the long run.

Pencil drawing is no longer a preparatory drawing for the final landscape painting. It is a final artwork in itself. Austrian artist Pernhart Markus had done this drawing. The lines of the castle/monastery are witness to the artistic use of the tip of a pencil. 

What is Pencil Shading: The Art of Shading, Light and Dark

Marko Pernhart Facsimile of Markus Pernhart´s pencil drawing. 
astle/Monastery Wernberg, situated in the community 
Wernberg, District Villach-Land, Carinthia, Austria 

While drawing, the lines are drawn like the notes played by a musician. But the shading is a different material. In simple words,  shading is the use of pencil in such a way that defines the different level of darkness. It is the use of a pencil creating a sense of volume in the drawing. The graded shading would clearly depict the exact falling of light.

Notes of music might be unpleasant, if not played with care; and it fails to impress. Such is the case with line drawing in the art of painting. While drawing light or dark lines by the tip of a pencil the artist varies the weight of the line. It is done by lifting the pencil or pressing it a little bit harder. Such shading would give the illusion of depth in the drawing. The varying pressure of the pencil tip would create an effect of shine and reflection.

Artwork: The above pencil drawing is one of the marvellous drawings I have seen. It is not just a preparatory drawing for a final landscape painting. It is a final artwork in itself. Austrian artist Pernhart Markus has done this drawing. The lines of the castle/monastery are the witness of the artist’s fluent use of the tip of a pencil.

The Artist: The work of artists is not as easy as one would think it to be. Nor it is easy to direct the viewer's eyes. This is the artistic job to create energy in the pencil drawing just by shaping the lines. It requires practised knowledge of the basics of shapes and different shades of a lead pencil. However, the hard work put in and dedication shown by the artist plays a great role in making the artist a perfect one.

The pencil drawing has been the primary work for any famous painting or works done by the old masters. You can display your pencil work, too, in art galleries and online art shows. All the figure drawing or most of the framed and famous paintings have taken birth in the cradle of one or another type of drawing. The colour pencils have also emerged as a separate medium of painting, like pastel colour painting and charcoal drawing.

Morgan Library & Museum, Manhattan, New York City
Architectural Capriccio, drawingCanaletto 

What is Line Drawing: The ‘Lining’, 'Line Drawing' or ‘Line Art’ is the art by which images are recreated with the use of distinct lines and curves. These lines usually have no element of shades of different grades. Without showing any texture in a drawing, the lining gives importance to the forms of objects. The outlines drawn create a shape on the paper or canvas.            

When a creative part is added in the lining, it would make the whole drawing looking more energetic. By adding visual information with the help of lines would render the drawing more realistic. Before the invention of photography, the printing of images was done by the lining only. In addition to the pencil drawing, the lining is used in drawing crotons and caricatures.

Pencil drawing is no longer a preparatory drawing for the final landscape painting. It is a final artwork in itself. Austrian artist Pernhart Markus had done this drawing. The lines of castle/monastery are witness of the artist’s fluent use of the tip of a pencil. 
Line drawing, placement of objects, the use of pressure while daring: these will be the aspects, which would be getting defined through the process. 
Having these articles in hand, you would be creating pleasant drawings on paper. Let us see the secrets of pencil drawing.

Advantages of Pencil: The most important advantage of pencil drawing is its versatility. The tiny tip of a pencil is so resourceful that you feel like a wealthy person while using a pencil, coloured pencil or black, the uses are unlimited.

One of the advantages of the pencil reside in its use of inline drawing and shading. When an artist is able to create a fine balance in line and shading, the pencil drawing piece of art turns out as a masterpiece. Line drawing is more than putting the marking on paper by drawing lines and curves helping to figure out the shapes. 

The meaning of the line drawing extends to and includes the skilful use of space by the artists. When an artist is looking at a blank paper or a canvas, he or she divides the space into segments: foreground, background, land area, sky or sea.

CREATIVE PENCIL DRAWING: There are no such persons as beginners in art. You have a passion for art and you are here. However, some techniques are useful to drag out the artist breathing in you. So before you take a pencil in hand, try to capture the pattern of the object or the face to be drawn. Keep the rough image of an object in your mind. 

Then start giving shape that mental image of yours. Let that image being animated on the paper; let it get enliven through the tip of your pencil. The work of artists is not as easy as one would think it to be. Nor it is easy to direct viewers eyes. This is an artistic job to create energy in pencil drawing by drawing the lines.


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